Skip to main content



(1) Cyrstal, David (2000). Language Death. United Kingdom. Cambridge University Press.

(2) Grierson, G. A. (1929). Torwali: An Account of a Bardic Language of the Swat Kohistan (Vol. XI). London: Royal Asiatic Society.

(3) Grenoble, A. L. & Whaley, J. L. (1992) Toward a Typology of Language Endagerment. Program in Linguistics and Cognitive Science, Darthmouth College.

(4) Lunsford, W. A. (2001). An Overview of Linguistic Structures in Torwali: A Language of Northern Pakistan. Arlington Texas: University of Texas at Arlington. 

(5) Lewis, P. M., Simons, G. F., & Fennig, C. D. (2015). Torwali. Retrieved February 09, 2017, from

(6) Moseley, C. M. (2010). Atlas of The World's Languages in Danger. Retrieved February 09, 2017, from

(7) Rensch, C. R., Decker, S. J., & Hallberg, D. G. (1992). Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan: Languages of Kohistan (2nd ed., 5 vols.). Islamabad Pakistan: National Institute of PakistanStudies, Quaid-i-Azam University.

(8) Shah, Daniel (2013). Torwali is a Language. Himal Southasian Magazine. Retrieved February 09, 2017, from

(9) Torwali, Z. (2014). Baseline Survey of Torwali Language. Retrieved February 09, 2017, from

(10) Torwali, Z. (2015). Journal of Languages and Culture:The Ignored Dardic Culture of Swat. Retrieved February 09, 2017, from

(11) Inam U. (2005). A digital Torwali-English dictionary with audio. Chicago : South Asia Language and Area Center, University of Chicago. 

(12) Torwali, Z. (2017) Reversing Language Loss through a Mother Tongue Based Multilingual Educational Planning: The Case of Torwali language. Retrieved April 01, 2017, from 

(13) Torwali, Z. (2016) The Language of Education. The International News. Retrieved April 01, 2017, from

(14) Pauwel, A. (1992) Language Maintenance and Shift. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved April 01, 2017, from

(15) Accessed April 25, 2017.